Fed up of being stuck indoors? Sketching outdoors is not just聽a great experience – it can also help you become a better artist. So, grab your favorite pencils and paints, because it鈥檚 time to step into the sunshine and fill your sketch book with inspiration!
1. Getting Prepared for Outdoor Sketching
Before you venture outdoors, it鈥檚 worth taking some time to prepare yourself and your art materials. Make sure you wear comfortable clothing and suitable footwear and take a look at the weather forecast first 鈥 one of our favorite apps for this is Accuweather
Is it sunny? If so, make sure you take a hat and some sun cream 鈥 it鈥檚 all too easy to lose track of the time and suddenly find you鈥檝e gone a nice shade of lobster red out in the sun! Trust me, this actually happened to me in France last year! Sunglasses can also be useful for those times when the sun is just too bright 鈥 especially if you鈥檙e sketching or painting near water.
If it鈥檚 going to drop cooler later, you鈥檙e going to need a hoodie or jacket to wrap up when the wind starts to blow. Sketching outdoors can be great fun in all weathers, but it鈥檚 important to wear the right clothing because feeling too cold or too hot can distract you from the important act of making art! You might also want to take something like a blanket or cushion to sit on.
Finally, it鈥檚 worth packing some drinks and snacks to keep you fuelled while you鈥檙e sketching outdoors. There鈥檚 nothing worse than feeling thirsty or ravenous when you鈥檙e trying to concentrate on the wonders of nature before you. That spectacular scene before you can easily take second place to dreaming about an ice-cold can of your favorite drink if you鈥檙e not careful!
2. Plan Your Outdoor Sketching Route 鈥 Rural or Urban?
Do you head out into the country or sit in a busy street and sketch when sketching outdoors? It鈥檚 up to you 鈥 doing both of these can hugely improve your skills of observation and getting art ideas down quickly. You鈥檒l find you get a sense of energy in your sketches that鈥檚 often difficult to capture when sketching indoors. And hopefully, this will add an extra element to your finished paintings.
Plan how you鈥檙e going to get to where you need to be. Whether walking, cycling, driving or taking the bus, you need to get to your destination without any unwanted detours 鈥 these can add hours to your day and distract you from a great days鈥 outdoor sketching!
3. Choose Your Art Materials Carefully
There鈥檚 no need to take your full studio set-up with you when you go drawing outdoors. So, if you don鈥檛 fancy carrying an easel up steep hills or struggling along busy streets with a heavy box of art materials, try selecting the most portable products for the job at hand.
A small set of watercolors with a bottle of water for mixing colors can be ideal, as can a set of watercolor pencils, fiber-tip fineliners, markers or simply a good range of pencils and an eraser. Always carry a pencil-sharpener, too 鈥揵lunt pencils can be good for shading, but you鈥檒l need a sharp point for details.
Think about the paper in your sketchbook 鈥 you鈥檒l need a grade that can handle your chosen medium and that won鈥檛 curl up when wet. Take a look in your local art supplies store 鈥 you鈥檒l see there鈥檚 a wide range available to suit any purpose.
The Golden Ratio occurs in nature and has been used by artists as a composition tool for centuries
4. Sitting Comfortably? Getting Started With Sketching
When learning how to sketch, it鈥檚 always good to plan out some rough ideas first. Take a good look around you until you see something that captures your eye 鈥 perhaps an interesting building or a group of people, a stream of water trickling down some rocks or a gnarled, twisted tree hanging over a river?
Once you鈥檝e found it, do some quick thumbnail sketches to help you plan your composition. It鈥檚 amazing how doing this can throw up other possibilities and help you create a better sketch. If you have your cell phone or a camera with you, you can use this as a handy way of framing your subject.
It鈥檚 a technique that鈥檚 been used by artists for centuries and an equation that occurs throughout nature, such as in pinecones, shells and even in our own bodies. Think about your natural hair line 鈥 that鈥檚 right, it鈥檚 the golden ratio working its magic!
With regards to perspective, try and establish where the horizon line should be and draw diagonal lines to meet it 鈥 this should help you work out where to place the elements of your composition.
Once you鈥檝e sketched out a few ideas for compositions, you鈥檙e ready to begin sketching outdoors.聽Make sure all your art materials are close to hand and start making some marks.
If using pencils, get the basic shapes down quickly and don鈥檛 be afraid of making mistakes. Just keep drawing those lines until you鈥檙e happy with the results 鈥 you can always rub out any unwanted lines later.
5. Look, But Don鈥檛 Stare When Sketching
When learning how to sketch, many people make the mistake of trying to capture everything they see before them. You don鈥檛 need to do this 鈥 instead, try and think about how you can capture the essence of the scene before you with the minimum of fuss.
See that large crowd of people in the street? You don鈥檛 need to draw every single detail here 鈥 just break everything down into shapes and colors which represent them. Try looking at the work of semi-abstract artists beforehand 鈥 this will give you an idea of how to do this.
Whether using pencils or watercolors, outdoor sketching is often a case of less is more. Finally, don鈥檛 be too precious about your work 鈥 have fun and remember you鈥檙e not trying to create a masterpiece here. The more you sketch, the more sketching techniques you鈥檒l learn and the better artist you鈥檒l become!
Have you got any favorite art materials when you go sketching outdoors? Tell us about them in the box below.